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Vibration damping characteristics of carbon fiber-reinforced composites containing multi-walled carbon nanotubes

Authors: Khan, Shafi Ullah
Li, Chi Yin
Siddiqui, Naveed A.
Kim, Jang-Kyo
Issue Date: 2011
Source: Composites science and technology. v. 71, (12), August 2011, p. 1486-1494
Summary: Vibration damping characteristic of nanocomposites and carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites (CFRPs) containing multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been studied using the free and forced vibration tests. Several vibration parameters are varied to characterize the damping behavior in different amplitudes, natural frequencies and vibration modes. The damping ratio of the hybrid composites is enhanced with the addition of CNTs, which is attributed to sliding at the CNT-matrix interfaces. The damping ratio is dependent on the amplitude as a result of the random orientation of CNTs in the epoxy matrix. The natural frequency shows negligible influence on the damping properties. The forced vibration test indicates that the damping ratios of the CFRP composites increase with increasing CNT content in both the 1st and 2nd vibration modes. The CNT-epoxy nanocomposites also show similar increasing trends of damping ratio with CNT content, indicating the enhanced damping property of CFRPs arising mainly from the improved damping property of the modified matrix. The dynamic mechanical analysis further confirms that the CNTs have a strong influence on the composites damping properties. Both the dynamic loss modulus and loss factor of the nanocomposites and the corresponding CFRPs show consistent increases with the addition of CNTs, an indication of enhanced damping performance. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subjects: Carbon nanotubes
Carbon fibres
Vibration
ISSN: 0266-3538
Format: Article
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